Trait theory of leadership is one of the first academic theories of leadership and attempts to answer why some people are good leaders and others are not. There are certain characteristic features in individuals that are usually inherited or developed through learning and experiences. He was the born leader along with some qualities which he improves with the situation and requirement of the society. The trait theory was the result of the first systematic effort of psychologists and other researchers to understand leadership. While cognitive ability has its origin partly in genes, it still needs to be developed. G.H. It is not based on any research or systematic development of concepts and principles. While cognitive ability does in part find its origin in the genes, it still needs to be developed. Trait theory assumes that the characteristic of leadership is inherent, innate by certain social, political or military leaders such as Napoleon Bonaparte, Mohandas Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, Indira Gandhi, John of Arc, Catherine the Great etc (Northouse,2013). Big differences emerge in terms of democratic versus autocratic leadership styles. Contingency Theory: Contingency theories of leadership state that effective leadership comprises of all the three factors, i.e. Different scholars, authors and theorist concept In fact, it may be because men are more directive that they are seen as key to goal attainment and they are turned to more often as leaders. Self-confidence is developed, honesty and integrity are a matter of personal choice, motivation to lead comes from within the individual, and the knowledge of business can be acquired. Trait Theories of Leadership. Trait Theory. 1990. Trait researchers have developed a list of attributes that they believe are related to leadership and make the leader successful in any situation. Throughout history, few women have been in positions where they could develop or exercise leadership behaviors. A leader’s behaviour varies as per the situation. Behavioural theories. K. Labich. The trait theory of leadership is criticised mainly on account of the following inadequacies: ADVERTISEMENTS: 1. These descriptions are simply generalities. Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Joan of Arc, Catherine the Great, Napoleon, and Mahatma Gandhi are cited as naturally great leaders, born with a set of personal qualities that made them effective leaders. Affect and managerial performance: A test of the sadder-but-wiser vs happier-and-smarter hypothesis. This theory makes the manager aware of their strengths and weaknesses and thus they get an understanding of how they can develop their leadership qualities. These included Muhammad, Shakespeare, Napoleon, Cromwell and Odi… The model attempts to relate physical traits such as, height and weight, to effective leadership. It goes without saying that none of these ingredients are acquired overnight. We'll look at the Trait Theory of Leadership that identifies the top 5 traits leaders possess and some examples and characteristics of each trait. It does not consider the whole environment of the leadership, of which trait may be only one factor. The theory designated to identify and measure individual personality characteristics can be defined as trait theory. While the list of leadership traits can vary by whoever is drawing up the list, a recent study from Spain outlined behavioral traits that separated lower-level supervisors from higher-level supervisors.5 According to the researchers, the traits most commonly associated with great leadership include: 1. Much research has gone into understanding the role of sex and gender in leadership. 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